Animal Waste Causes Harmful Air Pollution. The definition of ocean hypoxia is “Reduced oxygen in the ocean, detrimental to living organisms.” This can cause noxious ocean algae blooms and what is referred to as “fish kills.”. Hurricane Matthew, October 2016. Credit: Dove Imaging. Animal agriculture, which sees the raising and processing of ruminants, poultry, and marine life, accounts for some of the biggest sources of greenhouse gasses. Animal agriculture contributes to water shortages, pollution, climate change, and other environmental problems. entertainment, or abuse in any other way. In this section. There were 70 fish kills reported in freshwaters (rivers and lakes) from 2010-2012 and there are 20 Marine Dead Zones in Ireland. Water is essential for maintaining an adequate food supply and a productive environment for the human population and for other animals, plants, and microbes worldwide. Zoonotic waterborne pathogens are another major concern (WHO, 2012). Keeping animals and their waste out of streams keeps nitrogen and phosphorus out of the water and protects stream banks. Furthermore, a third of worldwide grain production is used to feed livestock. Researchers with Aligarh Muslim University asked people what it was like to live near slaughterhouses. Estimates show that more than 163 million humans in India lack access to safe water and more than 190 million people go hungry, yet the meat, egg, and dairy industries are wasting massive amounts of water, grain, land, and other resources on animal agriculture. The article continues: “The Gulf of Mexico has a 22,000 square kilometre [8,494 sq. These are animals like sharks, bluefin tuna, swordfish, marlin, and king mackerel. Prestage Swine Farms with manure lagoons, Harrells, NC. It’d be more economical and efficient for humans to eat grains directly and not expend vast water resources on industry-bred animals. Animal agriculture manure is a primary source of nitrogen and phosphorus to surface and groundwater. How … UNESCO claims that around 80% of the world’s wastewater is discharged back in the environment without adequate treatment, and since agriculture withdraws the maximum freshwater, it’s also the biggest source of water pollution [6,17].. In Europe, around half of lakes and rivers are still polluted, according to a recent study published in Nature. One Green Planet reports: “75% of industrial U.S. slaughterhouses violate local water pollution limits.” It continues: “One of the many unpleasant realities associated with animals being killed in industrial U.S. slaughterhouses is that the enormous amount of waste they produce has to go somewhere. “According to the study, the loss of ocean biodiversity is accelerating, and 29 percent of the seafood species humans consume have already crashed. A fact from Greenpeace.”. Of that 1.9 billion acres: 778 million acres of private land are used for livestock grazing (for… Further, several of the facilities were found to be responsible for infecting waterways with as much nitrogen pollution as a small city over the last two years. These large seines are so big that they can be seen from space. Plankton are the equivalent of grass, trees and other plants that make land green, says study co-author Marlon Lewis, an oceanographer at Dalhousie. According to the International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development: “69% of the world’s freshwater withdrawals are committed to agriculture. News is published on CleanTechnica.com, while reports are published on Future-Trends.CleanTechnica.com/Reports/ and buying guides are here. Active options, futures & stock trader. 2. Practically all forms of technology exact a certain price in environmental damage; agriculture is no exception. 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It is difficult to determine the precise number of sea animals killed, as they are weighed, not counted. Sometimes these bycatch fish are discarded back into the sea, dead. Animal agriculture is an incredibly resource-intensive industry, but that is not the only way it affects the planet. January 2015 The US lower 48 states represents 1.9 billion acres. The following is an overview video on the state of the oceans. ... How animal agriculture causes pollution: The waste produced by the 70 billion animals farmed each year is typically stored in large lagoons where it emits toxic gases. If the long-term trend continues, in 30 years there will be little or no seafood available for sustainable harvest. Future articles will cover wildlife habitat encroachment and extinctions, concentrated animal feeding operation (CAFO) odors, financially marginalized communities, antibiotics produced in the US, antibiotic-resistant bacteria, veganic food production, world hunger, tax subsidies for animal agriculture, hidden costs of animal agriculture including subsidized fast foods, slaughterhouse PTSD and alcohol/drug abuse, domestic abuse, human rights issues, and more. … Agricultural practices are not necessarily at fault here – but our choice of food is.” — Bojana Bajzelj, University of Cambridge researcher. This article covers animal agriculture’s connection to freshwater use, freshwater quality, water pollution violations, fishes and other sea animals, ocean hypoxia, and declining phytoplankton in the oceans. This is the part two of a multi-article series on the connection between animal agriculture and various societal and environmental problems. These animals usually die of asphyxiation when being brought out of the water as their gills do not allow them to breathe unless they are in the water. Global temperatures rise as forest cover decreases, and oceans warm as they absorb ever-more carbon dioxide. In the last 20 years, a new class of agricultural pollutants has emerged in the form of veterinary medicines (antibiotics, vaccines and growth promoters [hormones]), which move from farms through water to ecosystems and drinking-water sources. This equates to around 7% of the population that is drinking contaminated groundwater. According to environmental reporter Stephen Leahy, in an article titled “Oceans on the Brink: Dying Plankton, Dead Zones, Acidification,” originally published for Inter Press Service (IPS) in 2010: “Phytoplankton are a critical part of our planetary life support system. “It looks like the rate of decline is increasing,” he said.”. Water Use. Why exactly is it so bad about this runoff and leakage? Go green. by Daryl Elliott. In fact, over half of the plants (50 of 98) had five violations, and about one-third (32 of 98) had at least 10 violations. What about the effects of water pollution on animals? Daryl Elliott Proponent of solar, wind, EVs, veganism, democracy, and all things environmental and progressive. By signing up here and giving us your contact details, you're acknowledging that you've read and you agree to our. Since agricultural pollution mainly impacts water systems and ground water, … As for the agricultural sector, water pollution comes from livestock manure (and the antibiotics and hormones it contains) as well as fertilizers and pesticides. Animal agriculture puts a heavy strain on many of the Earth’s finite land, water and energy resources. National Geographic: “That quarter pounder is worth more than 30 average American showers. 1998, Postel 1999, Rosegrant et al. Five mg/l is half of the EPA limit of allowed nitrogen in water. Animal agriculture manure and farming fertilizers bring nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium to the proverbial water pollution “table.” All these additions to the environment affect the health of both humans and wildlife.Actually, the main source of nitrogen and phosphorus in surface and groundwater is manure. are one of the primary impacts of agriculture pollution. 2002, Shiklomanov and Rodda 2003, UNEP 2003a, Gleick 2004). In addition to threatening the human food supply, water shortages severely reduce biodiversity in both aquatic and ter… Writer. Concern over agricultural diffuse pollution sources in integrated water quality management has been growing recently. (USDA via Bloomberg)”, Truth or Drought: “Despite its monopoly on farmland and frequent greenwashing to try to justify it, animal agriculture will always be inherently less sustainable than plant-based. Water pollution from animal agriculture contaminates drinking water and disrupts aquatic ecosystems, killing wildlife and poisoning humans—disproportionately communities of color—who live nearby. Farms discharge large quantities of agrochemicals, organic matter, drug residues, sediments and saline drainage into water bodies. In order to accommodate the 70 billion animals raised annually for human consumption, a third of the planet’s ice-free land surface, as well as nearly sixteen percent of global freshwater, is devoted to growing livestock. Published on December 9th, 2018 | Some of these liquids are sprayed on crops, including in some cases, directly on human food crops. The main factor that contributes heavily to agricultural pollution is the excessive industrial use of fertilizer and pesticides. These pollutants can radically alter the metabolism of a number of soil-dwelling bacteria and insects, making them perish or … “Anthropogenic [meaning: human caused] inputs of excess nutrients into the coastal environment, from agricultural activities and wastewater, have dramatically increased the occurrence of coastal eutrophication and hypoxia. Agricultural runoff represents a major threat to rivers and lakes. The 3 biggest sources of water pollution related to agriculture being animal waste, aquaculture production and fertilizers used in agricultural fields. When humans eat animals who have eaten plants, humans are secondary consumers of plants. Animal agriculture mucks up our waterways: Much of the waste produced each year by all the cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats, pigs, chickens, and other animals raised and killed for food in India winds up in the nation’s water. Using incredibly advanced and aggressive technology [such as sonar] to meet demands for seafood, we’re waging a war on our oceans.”, In another article from One Green Planet entitled “10 Alarming Facts about Overfishing,” the writer states: “Modern fishing ships use technologically advanced fish-finding sonar that can find a school of fish with almost military precision. Agricultural pollution refers to biotic and abiotic byproducts of farming practices that result in contamination or degradation of the environment and surrounding ecosystems, and/or cause injury to humans and their economic interests. Other sources include soil erosion and animal waste [1]. miles] dead zone every spring due to run-off from the Mississippi River.” It should be noted that the hypoxia in the Gulf of Mexico is contributed to in a significant way by the animal ag upstream in the Midwestern states. Manure lagoons never undergo the same treatment as human sewage, and the quantity of animal manure exceeds human manure by 100-fold in the US. Agriculture has the biggest impact on water quality, accounting for an estimated 53% of river pollution and is the main contributor of excess nutrients which cause eutrophication: 88% of nitrogen and 49% of phosphorus. Worldwide, animal agriculture is responsible for more greenhouse-gas emissions than is the transportation sector: India is one of the countries at “extreme risk” when the economic impact of climate change will be most keenly felt. In a One Green Planet article entitled: “Time to Get Real. PETA India is a Charitable Company incorporated under section 25 of the Companies Act, 1956. The first article in this series was about animal agriculture’s connection to climate, land use, biodiversity loss, air pollution, topsoil erosion, and desertification. Most slaughterhouses operate without any effluent treatment, so untreated waste ends up in the nation’s waterways and pollutes our diminishing groundwater. Subsequent articles in this series will cover wildlife habitat encroachment, species extinctions, concentrated animal feeding operation (CAFO) odors, financially marginalized communities, antibiotic-resistant bacteria, world hunger, tax subsidies for animal agriculture, hidden costs of animal agriculture (including subsidized fast foods), slaughterhouse PTSD and alcohol/drug abuse, domestic abuse, human rights issues, and more. So if you haven’t already gone vegan, please order a free vegan starter kit. “As EIP Executive Director Eric Schaeffer reportedly described the disheartening findings, ‘This water pollution is really an environmental justice issue, because many of these slaughterhouses are owned by wealthy international companies, and they are contaminating the rivers and drinking water supplies of rural, often lower-income, minority communities.'”. The aquifer and rivers have become polluted in some areas due to animal agriculture. The reason for this is the manure and urine created by animals that are stored in manure lagoons, which are effectively untreated cesspools, commonly seep into the groundwater, which in turn flows into rivers. “And as the EPA data showed, the vast majority of the facilities repeatedly exceeded legal limits for wastewater discharge. The industrial sector accounts for 19% while only 12% of water withdrawals are destined for households and municipal use.” Truth or Droughtexplains that when we eat plants directly, we are direct consumers of the nutrients. Animal ag and other pollution after Hurricane Florence Sept. 2018. According to the International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development: “69% of the world’s freshwater withdrawals are committed to agriculture. Eliminating animal agriculture would result in a 75% reduction in overall farmland use and [it could] still feed the world.”, Bloomberg reports on land use: “There’s a single, major occupant on US land: cows. But that is so harmful for humans and environment threat to rivers and lakes from agriculture around world. Signing up here and giving US your contact details, you 're that., killing wildlife and poisoning humans—disproportionately communities of color—who live nearby and leakage in (! 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