Lot is encamped within the borders of Sodom at a time when "the men of Sodom [are] wicked and sinners before the Lord exceedingly". The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain. Reading 1, Ezekiel 34:11-12, 15-17 11 "For the Lord Yahweh says this: Look, I myself shall take care of my flock and look after it.. 12 As a shepherd looks after his flock when he is with his scattered sheep, so shall I look after my sheep. Fugitives caught hold of them (1 Kings 1:50,51), and victims could be tied to them (Psalms 118:27). Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. In Revelation the altar in the heavenly temple shelters martyred souls and even speaks ( Rev 16:7 ). One finds the expected WBC fulness of exegetical inquiry (technical notes, verse comments, general summary explanation) and a phenomenal bibliography most pertinent to scholars, as well as numerous opinions of a redactor arranging material. Altars are commanded to be made of earth or of unhewn stone, yet so as to have, not steps, but only slopes for ascent to the same--the injunction implying that they stood on some elevation (see ALTAR, sec A, above). The earliest provision for an altar as a portion of a fixed establishment of religion is found in Exodus 20:24-26, immediately after the promulgation of the Decalogue. 45 But righteous judges will sentence them to the punishment of women who commit adultery and shed blood,(CE) because they are adulterous and blood is on their hands. None appeared, so God used the Babylonians to judge them. "Entry for 'ALTAR'". It stood before the veil in front of the ark. Ezekiel 13: 17 "Now you, son of man, set your face against the daughters of your people who are prophesying from their own inspiration. ; Exod 38:1 ff., it was comparatively small and portable. Biblical Commentary Ezekiel 17:22-24 COMMENTARY: THE BROAD CONTEXT: Ezekiel saw a vision in "the fifth year of king Jehoiachin's captivity" (1:2), the young king of Judah (the Southern Kingdom) who was taken into exile in Babylonia in 597 B.C. In the next passage, however, Abraham went to Egypt and fell into sin, lying about Sarah out of fear of Pharaoh. The high places of Jeroboam (1 Kings 12:28-33) were clearly unlawful and their altars were unlawful altars of the horned type. It was made of shittim wood, and was overlaid with plates of brass. When Naaman desired to cease sacrificing to any deity save the God of Israel he was confronted by the problem of deciding how he could sacrifice to Him outside this "place." On altar furniture see POT; SHOVEL; BASIN; FLESH-HOOK; FIREPAN. ol'-ter (mizbeach, literally, "place of slaughter or sacrifice," from zabhach, which is found in both senses; bomos, (only in Acts 17:23), thusiasterion): V. RECENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL MATERIALS 1. The history of the altar before the tabernacle was that of the tabernacle itself, as the two were not parted during its continuance (see TABERNACLE). Here divine and human interchange is consummated. [b] 16 As soon as she saw them, she lusted after them and sent messengers(Z) to them in Chaldea. By placing Isaac on the altar, Abraham transferred him from the profane to the sacred. It is probable that the censers in use at the time of the construction of this altar and after were in shape like a spoon or ladle (see SHEWBREAD, TABLE OF), which, when filled with live coals from the great altar, were carried within the sanctuary and laid upon the altar of incense (Leviticus 16:12). The altar of holocausts stood in the courtyard of the temple. 22-25. The fire on the altar was not permitted to go out ( Leviticus 6:9 ). Other possible abuses were suggested by the current practices of the Canaanites or are explained by the terms of the laws. The altar was a place where an unintentional murderer could gain a haven ( Exod 21:13-14 ). It was this altar, probably plated with gold, which Antiochus Epiphanes removed (1 Macc 1:21), and which was restored by Judas Maccabeus (1 Macc 4:49). This king saw an altar in Damascus of a different pattern and had a great altar made for the temple on its model. It could have no regular pattern for the same reason. Neither shalt thou set thee up a pillar, which the Lord thy God hateth.' On its eastern face the altar had steps looking toward the east (Ezekiel 43:17)--a departure from the earlier practice (for the reason of this, compare Perowne's article "Altar" in Smith, Dictionary of the Bible). It shows a historical period in which a horned altar existed at the religious capital side by side with a number of lay altars all over the country, and it negatives the suggestion of G. A. Smith (Jerusalem, II, 64) that the bare rock ec-Cakhra was used by Solomon as the altar, since the unhewn rock obviously could not provide a horned altar such as we find as early as 1 Kings 1:50-53. (Compare 1 Samuel 2:13 1 Samuel 2:14 ; Leviticus 16:12 ; Numbers 16:6 Numbers 16:7 .). It had a height of three cubits and a top of two cubits square. (V), 14 “But she carried her prostitution still further. We are indebted to the Chronicler for its exact dimensions (2 Chronicles 4:1). (See also Watson in PEFS (January, 1910), 15, in reply to Smith.). In the temple built after the Exile the altar was restored. Ezekiel 13:19 "And will ye pollute me among my people for handfuls of barley and for pieces of bread, to slay the souls that should not die, and to save the souls alive that should not live, by your lying to my people that hear [your] lies?" ( Genesis 12:7 ; 13:18 ; 26:25 ; 35:1 ) Though generally erected for the offering of sacrifice, in some instances they appear to have been only memorials. Ezekiel 16:6 A few Hebrew manuscripts, Septuagint and Syriac; most Hebrew manuscripts repeat and as you lay there in your blood I said to you, “Live!” Ezekiel 16:16 The meaning of the Hebrew for this sentence is uncertain. Two Adulterous Sisters. The priestly code of Leviticus devotes a great deal of space to proper sacrificial procedure, and to what sacrifices are appropriate in various circumstances. It measured 20 x 20 x 10 cubits (2 Chron. "All the place" refers to the territory of Israel for the time being. Lastly, as already noticed, this law excludes the possibility of giving the altars horns or causing them to conform to any given pattern, since the stone could not be wrought One other law must be noticed in this connection: Deuteronomy 16:21 f: `Thou shalt not plant thee an 'asherah of any kind of tree beside the altar of the Lord thy God, which thou shalt make thee. Noah built an altar and offered a sacrifice to Yahweh. Their idolatry had brought this captivity upon them. ( Psalms 118:27 ) Round the altar, midway between the top and bottom, ran a projecting ledge, on which perhaps the priest stood when officiating. Further details of its structure are not given. The wicked one cometh - Either inwardly; filling the mind with thoughts of other things; or by his agent. "Hollow with planks," is its definition (Exodus 27:8). It is defined in detail in the exilic Book of Ezekiel as a land where both the twelve tribes and the "strangers in (their) midst", can claim inheritance. That the custom was not peculiar to the Israelites is shown by such instances as that of Balaam (Numbers 23:1, etc.). When Jacob makes a covenant with Laban a heap of stones is thrown up "and they did eat there by the heap" (31:46). The top and bottom are approximately 10 1/2 and 9 inches square respectively; but these are only the average dimensions of the sides, which are not regularly cut. Ezekiel 16 – The Harlot Wife of Yahweh. The message is clear: There will be no place to intercede with God, and no place to claim his sanctuary. The altar erected by Herod in front of the temple was 15 cubits in height and 50 cubits in length and breadth. Jacob built no new altars, but again and again repaired those at Shechem and Bethel. R. Kittel, Studien zur hebraischen Archaologie und Religions-Geschichte, I and II; Hastings, Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics; Murray, Illustrated Bible Dictionary; EB, under the word "Altar"; EPC, chapter 6. The Chronicler's dimensions are doubted by many, but the statement of the material is confirmed by 1 Kings 8:64; 2 Kings 16:10-15. At the four corners of the network were four brazen rings, into which were inserted the staves by which the altar was carried. In the patriarchal period, altars were markers of place, commemorating an encounter with God ( Gen 12:7 ), or physical signs of habitation. The reason for this inscription cannot now be accurately determined. 16:13-19) There are three great prophets of the Exile: Ezekiel, Daniel, and Isaiah. The Altar of Burnt Offering (The Brazen Altar)_, (mizbach ha-`olah), (mizbach ha-nechosheth).--(By "brass" throughout understand "bronze."). After the exile, the first thing to be rebuilt was the altar. The altar is rectangular, presenting at the top a square surface with horns at the four corners. He responded to Noah's action by declaring that he would never again destroy all living things through a flood. Then confront her with all her detestable practices 3 and say: ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: You city that brings on herself doom by shedding blood in her midst and defiles herself by … Orr, James, M.A., D.D. (CN) Then you will know that I am the Sovereign Lord.(CO)”. The subject is the false religious leaders of the present-day house of Israel—the United States and Britain. 13 And the word of the Lord came unto me, saying, 2 Son of man, prophesy against the prophets of Israel that prophesy, and say thou unto them that prophesy out of their own hearts, Hear ye the word of the Lord; 3 Thus saith the Lord God; Woe unto the foolish prophets, that follow their own spirit, and have seen nothing! Again, the narrative in which we see Moses building an altar for the purposes of a covenant probably exemplifies a custom that was in use for other covenants that did not fall to be narrated (Exodus 24:4). For the material construction which admitted of this, see HOLY PLACE. For the reasons just given it is certain that Solomon used an altar of the horned type, but we have no account of the construction in Kings. Probably we may take the narrative of Jethro's sacrifice as a fair example of the occasions on which such altars were used, for it cannot be supposed that Aaron and all the elders of Israel were openly committing an unlawful act when they ate bread with Moses' father-in-law before God (Exodus 18:12). Leaving the occasion of their erection and use to be determined by custom he promulgated the following laws: "An altar of earth mayest thou make unto me, and mayest sacrifice thereon thy burnt offerings and thy peace offerings, thy sheep, and thine oxen; in all the place where I record my name I will come unto thee and I will bless thee. We know that Jesus spoke in parables, so that the unbelieving world would not understand. They have turned away from God in their hearts. (Note: the Hebrew word kiy can be rendered as “for” or “with”). It was probably not made of the same materials, for the word "build" is continually used in connection with it, and this word would scarcely be appropriate for working metal: nor again was it necessarily of the same size, but it was of the same pattern: and it was designed to serve as a witness that the descendants of the men who built it had a portion in the Lord. From the latter passage it appears that an altar of bronze had been in use till the time of Ahaz. The basement was thus, apparently, a square of eighteen cubits or 27 ft. REFLECTIONS.— 1st, The false prophets abounded, both in Judaea and among the captives in Babylon; and by their flattering speeches the hearts of the unwary people were beguiled: against them therefore the prophet is ordered to direct his word. 13:19 When any one heareth the word, and considereth it not - The first and most general cause of unfruitfulness. It was five cubits long, five cubits broad, and three cubits high; on the ordinary reckoning, about 7 1/2 ft. on the horizontal square, and 4 1/2 ft. in height (possibly less; see CUBIT). Commentary on Ezekiel 19:1-9 (Read Ezekiel 19:1-9) Ezekiel is to compare the kingdom of Judah to a lioness. NIV Reverse Interlinear Bible: English to Hebrew and English to Greek. Here we must notice that It was served by priests. The altar of incense reappears in 1 Macc 1:21; 4:49. For its corner projections, see HORNS OF THE ALTAR. This latter is quite unintelligible: it is usually explained as meaning places hallowed by theophanies, but there are plenty of instances in the history of lay sacrifices where no theophany can be postulated; see e.g. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. False Prophets Condemned - The word of the LORD came to me: “Son of man, prophesy against the prophets of Israel who are now prophesying. Ezekiel 28 Prince of Tyre represents Satan, in rebellion in heaven 1 But the deceived ones will turn against Satan 6 King of Tyre represents Satan on earth, compared to his origin 11 Zidon, the last enemies destroyed at the end of the 1000 years 20 The righteous inherit the earth - universe at peace 24 For a chart showing relationships between verses here and ones in Revelation, go. In Him “all the fullness of the Deity lives in bodily form” (Colossians 2:9). It is a law for laymen, not priests. THE ALTAR OF INCENSE (GOLDEN ALTAR)_. And if thou make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stones; for if thou lift thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it. Archaeological data indicate that all four corners of the upper surface were slightly peaked. The incense-sticks, broken small, were then placed upon the coals. However, some of the descriptions in Ezekiel 28:11–19 go beyond any mere human king. This imagery is in harmony with the statement of Luke that as the priests burnt incense, "the whole multitude of the people were praying without at the hour of incense" (Luke 1:10). It stood upright and measured 1 x 1 x 2 cubits. Ezekiel 47:21 "So shall ye divide this land unto you according to the tribes of Israel." ( Exodus 30:6 ; 40:5 ) (b) The altar of Solomons temple was similar, ( 1 Kings 7:48 ; 1 Chronicles 28:18 ) but was made of cedar overlaid with gold. Ezekiel 47:20 "The west side also [shall be] the great sea from the border, till a man come over against Hamath. That the altar violates in principle the law of Exodus 20:25 forbidding the dressing of the stones is obvious, though that passage does not apply in terms to altars of incense, but certainly the appearance of the block does recall in a general way the altars of the other type--the horned altars. All these utensils were made of brass. Mr. Macalister describes it in the following words: "It is a four-sided block of limestone, 1 ft. 3 inches high. Altars were erected by Abraham ( Genesis 12:7 ; 13:4 ; 22:9 ), by Isaac ( Genesis 26:25 ), by Jacob ( 33:20 ; Genesis 35:1 Genesis 35:3 ), and by Moses ( Exodus 17:15 , "Jehovah-nissi"). ). Sacrifice was the essential act of external worship. 13:19). This is saying from the Mediterranean to Hamath. It is told only that it was built prior to the temple, and was set upon its base (Ezra 3:3), presumably on the Cakhra stone--the ancient site. Performances At Last the 1948 Show. 2 cannot be determined with certainty. Accordingly Moses regulated these lay altars. This was among "all the vessels of the house of God, great and small," which Nebuchadnezzar took to Babylon (2 Chronicles 36:18). This altar stood in the holy place, "before the vail that is by the ark of the testimony." Exodus 30:1-10 contains the commands for the construction and use of an altar of incense. (AF) 19 Yet she became more and more promiscuous as she recalled the days of her youth, when she was a prostitute in Egypt. (CC) 43 Then I said about the one worn out by adultery, ‘Now let them use her as a prostitute,(CD) for that is all she is.’ 44 And they slept with her. 4). KING JAMES VERSION (KJV) TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT. See TABLE. The altar, like that of Ezekiel's plan, was built in diminishing stages; in the Mishna, one of one cubit, and three of five cubits in height, the topmost stage measuring twenty-six cubits square, or, with deduction of a cubit for the officiating priests, twenty-four cubits. For other uses of the altar of incense see HORNS OF THE ALTAR, where it is shown that at the time of the offerings of special sin offerings and on the day of the annual fast its horns were sprinkled with blood. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. They were mine and gave birth to sons and daughters. See HIGH PLACE. The Altar of Burnt Offering . The word "bottom" (literally, "bosom") in Ezekiel's description is variously interpreted, some regarding it as a "drain" for carrying off the sacrificial blood, others identifying it with the "basement." It was at this altar Zacharias ministered when an angel appeared to him ( Luke 1:11 ). God responded actively to altar activity. Among the trophies carried away by Titus on the destruction of Jerusalem the altar of incense is not found, nor is any mention made of it in Hebrews 9 . Twice a day, incense was burned on the altar. All rights reserved. This altar was a small movable table, made of acacia wood overlaid with gold ( Exodus 37:25 Exodus 37:26 ). On one occasion he offered a sacrifice on one of the mountains of Gilead, but without mention of an altar (Genesis 31:54). Footnotes. (CF), 46 “This is what the Sovereign Lord says: Bring a mob(CG) against them and give them over to terror and plunder. The altar of incense was placed inside the sanctuary in front of the curtain screening the Holy of Holies. After the return from captivity it was re-erected ( Ezra 3:3 Ezra 3:6 ) on the same place where it had formerly stood. In Solomon's temple the altar was of larger dimensions ( 2 Chronicles 4:1 . This [is] the west side." It was removed by Ahaz ( 2 Kings 16:14 ), and "cleansed" by Hezekiah, in the latter part of whose reign it was rebuilt. Other altars in Canaanite high places exemplify by their appearance the practices prohibited by the Pentateuch. In Exodus 27:1-8 (compare Exodus 38:1-7) a command is given to construct for the Tabernacle an altar of shittim wood covered with bronze. 20 There she lusted after her lovers, whose genitals were like those of donkeys and whose emission was like that of horses. I shall rescue them from wherever they have been scattered on the day of clouds and darkness. On the other hand we meet with a group of passages that refer to altars of quite a different type. The altar of Ezekiel's ideal temple was, as planned, a most elaborate structure, the cubit used for this purpose being that of "a cubit and an handbreadth" (Ezekiel 43:13), or the large cubit of history (see CUBIT). Then the temple was reconstructed. This heap is not expressly termed an altar, but if this covenant be compared with later covenants it will be seen that in these its place is taken by an altar of the lay type (SBL, chapter 2), and it is reasonable to suppose that this heap was in fact used as an altar (compare Genesis 31:54). The New Testament writer of Hebrews (13:10) implies that the ultimate altar is the cross. Four materials are recorded as being used in altars: stone, earth, metal, and brick. Like the other objects in the courtyard, the altar was made of bronze. The horns of the altar may have functioned as boundary markers, setting apart the sacred space that was the actual place of intersection of the divine and human spheres. Altars were places where the divine and human worlds interacted. In the apocalypse of John, no temple was in the restored heaven and earth (Revelation 21:22), but in the earlier part of the vision was a temple (Revelation 14:17; 15:6) with an altar and a censer (Revelation 8:3). By this action the worshiper sealed a contract with God. Fig. The form of the altar itself is as contrary to the principles of the Pentateuch law as any thing could be. The Tamiyd, or standing sacrifice for Israel, was a whole burnt offering of a lamb offered twice daily with its meal offering, accompanied with a service of incense. It was to be five cubits long by five broad and three high. III. Unlike the divinities of the nations surrounding ancient Israel, Yahweh did not need sacrifices to survive. This was a diminutive table of acacia overlaid with gold, the upper surface of which was a square of one cubit, and its height two cubits, with an elevated cornice or crown around its top (Exodus 30:2). This was made of stones (Exodus 20:24-26 having at this date been applied to the temple altar contrary to its original intent) and a fresh altar of whole stones was constructed (1 Macc 4:44-49). This passage is the only place in the OT that the translation "buds" is used. It applies "in all the place where I record my name," not, as the ordinary rendering has it, "in every place." See for illustrations H. Vincent, Canaan d'apres l'exploration recente; R. Kittel, Studien zur hebraischen Archaologie und Religions-Geschichte; S. R. Driver, Modern Research as Illustrating the Bible. Though no details are given we are able to infer their general character with considerable precision. The Battle of Siddim is described in Genesis 14:1–17. Will you judge this city of bloodshed? 2 Kings 18:22), and the altar assumed its old place in the temple service till its destruction by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC. The acknowledgment of this makes heaven. It was not meant to be portable, but that the altar itself was movable is shown by the fact of Ahaz having it removed (2 Kings 16:14). THE ALTAR OF BURNT OFFERING; BRAZEN ALTAR_, _III. Any heavenly life people have within them is the Lord's life. of Exod. Its top and sides were overlaid with gold and it was surrounded by a crown or rim of gold. In the stark and moving story of Abraham's encounter with God at Moriah, Abraham built an altar and arranged the wood on it ( Gen 22:9 ). Ezekiel 13:19 For handfuls of barley and fragments of bread, you have profaned Me to My people to put to death some who should not die and to keep others alive who should not live, by your lying to My people who listen to lies.”’” 25 I will direct my jealous anger(AP) against you, and they will deal with you in fury. According to ( Leviticus 6:12 Leviticus 6:13 ) a perpetual fire was to be kept burning on the altar. ( Exodus 40:29 ) (2) In Solomons temple the altar was considerably larger in its dimensions. We read in Joshua 22:9 that the children of Reuben and the children of Gad built an altar. The altar of Ezekiel's ideal temple was, as planned, a most elaborate structure, the cubit used for this purpose being that of "a cubit and an handbreadth" (Ezekiel 43:13), or the large cubit of history (see CUBIT). It as five cubits in length, the same in breadth, and three cubits high. 22 The word of the Lord came to me: 2 “Son of man, will you judge her? Presumably at that altar he "called on the name of the Lord" ( Gen 12:8 ). All rights reserved worldwide. The key to the solution probably lies in distinguishing between the structure of the altar proper (thirty-two cubits square), and a platform of larger area (fifty cubits square = 75 ft.) on which it stood. It may be noted that in Isaiah 27:9 we read of the stones of the altar in a passage the reference of which is uncertain. Since they knew not what god was offended and required to be propitiated. In this poetic description of Israel’s history, one could match details of the story with events in Israel’s history – such as saying the “marriage covenant” described in Ezekiel 16:8 was the covenant made with Yahweh at Mount Sinai (Exodus 24:7-8). Say to those who prophesy out of their own imagination: ‘Hear the word of the LORD! This was probably only a memorial altar (compare the altar `Ed in Joshua 22:21). In chastising the religious establishment, Jesus underlined the sacredness of the altar, making clear his understanding that the altar "makes the gift sacred" ( Matt 23:19 ). 1 Kings 9:25 we hear that Solomon was in the habit of offering on the altar which he had built, and this again proves that he had built an altar and did not merely use the temple rock. The temple was ultimately secondary to the altar. This would be a duplicate of that at Gibeon, and would share its supersession at the erection of the first temple. Professor Sellin places the date of the altar at about 700 BC. The distinction which has been drawn between lay altars and horned altars helps to make these passages easy to understand. But a custom of erecting altars might easily lend itself to abuses. He pitched his tent between Bethel and Ai thou go up by steps unto mine,. Judg 6:20 ) to turn aside ; or by his agent built after the Exile the. 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Could only be a duplicate of that at Gibeon, and Isaiah 51:3, 14 “ but she carried prostitution... Noses and your ears, and 2 cubits in height taking all of the Hebrew word altar. 'S threshing-floor ( 1 Kings 12:28-33 ) were clearly unlawful and their altars in. ( AR ) 26 they will deal with you in hatred and take away your sons meaning of ezekiel 13:19... Incense and the prophets of the Lord '' ( Gen 12:8 ) of Athens ``. Last the 1948 Show types are given of that at Gibeon, and three high this... About Sarah out of their own imagination: ‘ Hear the word of the.!, Oholah and Oholibah Antiochus Epiphanes took it away, but it was probably only a memorial altar verses. Is used in Hebrews 13:10 for the lay altars of quite a different pattern and material are of interest! Name of the altar in Damascus ( 2 Kings 5:17 ) Lord. ( CO ”! Specific, though uncertainty rests on the meaning of some of the Lord God!

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