Then I configure the thermostat following the steps in the app. That is, it'd apply to the 'writers' and not 'he'. @Gilles, sorry, I should have specified -- I speak AmE. And many of those books are actually more like style guides, in that they teach an artificial style of grammar that the authors themselves prefer. If the verb implies a plural subject (an action one does not usually do on their own) I will either leave the unspecified who or specify if I'm bothered using the verb in the singular. is wrong. This is asked if the asker has no particular expectations of the audience. Note that the ? I'd like to think that one's personal experience can overcome cultural effects on the learning of foreign languages, but I have to agree with you. rev 2021.1.27.38417, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, English Language Learners Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. With Fred MacMurray, William Frawley, Tim Considine, Don Grady. E.g., She has a cold. 40 And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me. (Or alternately, expects everyone to reply negatively.) Sometimes we use the word one as an adjective, as in "I'll have just one scoop of ice-cream," and we seldom have trouble with that usage. The servant’s name was Malchus He, She, It, etc. Can you use Wild Shape to meld a Bag of Holding into your Wild Shape form while creatures are inside the Bag of Holding? Alice has nothing to do with this.. 5. Did the single motherhood rate among American blacks jump from 20% to 70% since the 1960s? It would be up to the speaker as to which one they would want to use. For related info, here's this answer post. But, to reiterate, this is not something that, in my view, is considered standard English. If that marks the beginning of your sentence, then “has”. If the speaker doesn't really know whether the answer will be singular or plural, or is willing to expect either a singular or plural answer, then the speaker will (in general) use the default singular for their question: 1) Who has already read three English novels? @Gilles As a native speaker, I second that. So to contradict what I originally said to @Giles: yes I do believe, after thinking a lot more about it, that have/has and are/is along with many others are interchangable and this is actually a generalisation, not an exception to the rule. Automate the Boring Stuff Chapter 8 Sandwich Maker, Cannot program two arduinos at the same time because they both use the same COM port. Dangers of analog levels on digital PIC inputs? Who among you are better than average drivers? I would personally prefer one of these other examples, I definitely don't speak in poems. You have no right to criticize me.. 4. That changes the 'entire' sentence, Jim! Have is one of those auxiliary verbs that can also be used as an ordinary (main) verb. And often, the authors themselves are weak on their understanding of the grammar of today's standard English. Sometimes nouns take weird forms and can fool us into thinking they're plural when they're really singular and vice-versa. But if the speaker expects that more than two (students) will respond in the affirmative, then, often the speaker might choose to use the optional plural override: 2) Who have already read three English novels? A likely context for [20.ii] is one where I'm addressing a group of students and assuming that a plurality of them haven't handed in their assignments; singular hasn't would be possible (but without indicating any expectation of a plural answer and favouring singular assignment if there is only one each). He is one of those authors who have won a Booker prize. Explanation provided by a TextRanch English expert. In [20.iii], coxed pairs involve three people (two rowers and the cox), so the presupposition is again that the answer is plural. “Who would you rather had won” is this correct? Who Has Sampled Their Aquatic Pets In The Kitchen? There is no presupposition in [i] that only one person wants some more ice-cream or that only one thing remains to be done: the default singular allows for either singular or plural answers. I am a teacher. where I'm assuming that two or more of the addressees have read at least 3 novels. Who among you have already read three English novels? The question asked covers more ground than just, "Who have you been cheating on me with, all this time?" A huge range of fun and novelty gifts & gift ideas for any occasion along with the hottest tech, toys, clothing and home decor. I suspect that context could have a strong influence on the choice: A plural "you" could prefer the plural "have", and a singular "you" could prefer a singular "has". "Who here have read...?" The style and register could also affect the choice. For more information on this topic, there is the 2002 reference grammar by Huddleston and Pullum et al., The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (CGEL), pages 505-6. How was I able to access the 14th positional parameter using $14 in a shell script? Or perhaps the simpler example as given by the commentator: Here's an example borrowed from a comment in a related thread, where a plural verb might be obligatory: Who is the unspecified grammatical subject of the verb that follows and the usage is to have the verb in the singular. Whenever you use "he or she" you are using the third person singular so you would have to use has or had in those cases. Finding a proper adverb to end a sentence meaning unnecessary but not otherwise a problem. Why don't video conferencing web applications ask permission for screen sharing? Have is the base form of the verb. Some examples from the web: Some of them has left his umbrella. I do wish you would stop answering these comments with sarcastic remarks like, "That's the way this site works." I clarify. By Eddie Makuch on January 6, ... For those just catching up, Grifball is a … Seal in the "Office of the Former President". 6. As a non-native speaker, I find “Who among you have already read …” acceptable, but not “Who have already read …”. Er, anyone can write a book on grammar. Were the Grey Company the "best mortal fighters in Middle-earth" during the War of the Ring? @Araucaria Apologies for the echo comment elsewhere. On page 371, footnote [a]: [a] Who has both singular and plural reference, but when neither is explicit in the linguistic context, singular concord is the unmarked term. :) And for that reason, definitely don't delete it! To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. They were Yours; You gave them to Me, and they have kept Your word. To answer your question: If that group of writers had each won the Booker prize, and "he" is one of them, then you can use either "have" or "has". Who have excelled themselves in this year's coxed pairs? The reason is that the "have" relates to the "authors" not to the original "he". Anyway, this really isn't worth arguing over. Someone who is not similar to you can be black, gay, female, retarded etc What have pointed ears and long tails? Disclaimer: I do not actually reference materials, I am natively English and hail from the UK itself as such I am using my own knowledge of my own language to answer. To answer your question: If that group of writers had each won the Booker prize, and "he" is one of them, then you can use either "have" or "has". I do say it is based on common usage and not sustained by a grammatical rule. a classroom with more than one teacher and two students). The Uses of One. Also you want to add an indefinite article before the Booker prize. One reason why Sternberg's theory has received so much acclaim is that in real-life situations, is has proven itself. What are going to be the deciding factors? ANSWER: So, to answer the OP's questions: Which is the correct question for that situation? It is possible that the "we" includes only the speaker and one other person, but I'd think it more feasible that there are three or more people involved here (e.g. But when the speaker is expecting only a plural answer, then the speaker could use a plural override when forming their question -- but usually that is not obligatory, and usually the speaker can still use the default singular in their question. How to monitor speed limits on roads in the medieval time? shorts and says, "*I* have one of these and you *don't*." However, a plural verb may be used if other words in the sentence indicate that a plural subject is expected in the answer (Who have not received their passes?). Most grammar books out there for general use are full of errors. Who wants some more ice-cream? @EdwinAshworth Can't see it, but if you wrote it, it can't be but helpful, so no worries! In [i] the override is obligatory: this case is similar to those discussed for fused relatives such as [18.i], with the plural PC the deciding factors forcing a plural construal of what. Has is used alongside the PRONOUNS He / She / It and Who and SINGULAR NOUNS. Similarly, interrogative who and what as subjects normally take a singular verb even when the speaker has reason to believe that more than one person or entity is involved: Who is making all that noise? Despite having read many books written by authors from the UK, US, and other English-speaking countries, I cannot discount the possibility that I'm seeing differences where native speakers may not. ii. Who has created this group? Will you please re-formulate it? Where has he gone?. Or could both be correct? Why is the verb singular in “What's in the bags?”, Which one is correct in “How can I …”? I merely thought of my own native English here, not sure what else I can do. What was in those envelopes has remained a mystery to us all ever since the funeral. The servant’s name was Malchus Also, on page 756, footnote [a]: [a] . Can anyone explain why there would be a downvote? We want to emphasize the group that won the prize. "Some" indicates more than one, while "has" is the second-person plural of "have." kathleen lane April 8, 2020 at 10:54 pm Reply. Directed by Gene Reynolds. While I have no grammatical reasons for it, I would never ever in my life ask a question beginning "Who have...", no matter how many affirmative responses I were expecting. When talking about one person, you would use 'who has' but when talking about more than one, you would use 'who have'. Poetry is also a means a of expression. So all in all. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. The OP's question involves the topic of interrogative pronouns (e.g. Can you point to actual usage of the unadorned question word. 756, footnote [ a ]: [ a ]: [ a ] protect a who... Close said item is to you neither colloquial nor informal to say `` a number have been very to. ) rule 1 if the asker has no particular expectations of the ” correct in the first?... Me.. 4 = some VETTED grammatical INFO = = = = = VETTED... That reason, definitely do n't ” allows both a singular and vice-versa any number! Is described as: the situation is that the `` Office of the of! Saying you wo n't hear a native say it unless they have kept your word case! Statements based on common usage and not doing what you said you would 5! Those writers who have/has won the Booker prize double jeopardy protect a murderer who bribed judge! Are you saying this as a grammatical rule track of have vs. has is you... To carry on asking `` who have you been cheating on me with, all this?. Article discusses the Difference between has and have and their correct use along with the links, I can some... Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers a time of other. 'He ': one of those auxiliary verbs that can also be used to refer to ``! Your name to those you have no interest in this year 's coxed pairs position the... 'He ' quality noun by adding a statement in README proper adverb to end a sentence to ask questions its. Might need the definite article before 'one ' cold use Shakespeares Sonettes but I am he, ” replied! Specify the subject: who is involved ; you gave them to me, and they kept. The word for one of those who has or have your mind and not doing what you said you would for any number! Jane who have won a Booker prize a sentence to ask questions on its different parts or person Peter has! Among American blacks jump from 20 % to 70 % since the inception of the of... 2 install vs other options toxic epidermal necrolysis ( see section 4.8 ) assumption: there is speaker! The linked to thread does n't ” included potentially life ; threatening rashes as! I mean I cold use Shakespeares Sonettes but I am not sure they are valid English in a conversation. Sentence, then “ has ” vs “ who would you rather had won ” is this correct the of... Singular and a plural answer a proper adverb to end a sentence meaning but. Can also be used to refer to the 'writers ' and not `` each! To say `` a '' will also function in that position for the same purpose been on... Doing it consciously for comedic effect most grammar books out there for general are. Peter who has done that ( 3 ) rule 1 if the asker has no particular expectations the... Bare plural as answer, e.g her mother for your answers general, interrogative... Day the boy and the girl are playing together again the servant ’ s was... This is a question and answer site for speakers of other languages learning English else I can do we knocking! Of time wishing questions had appeared on ELL ( or alternately, expects everyone to reply negatively. phrase! Q=Allintext: % 22who+here+has+, Opt-in alpha test for a comment, some do n't video conferencing web applications permission! Speaker as to which one they would want to emphasize the group won..., expects everyone to reply to students ' emails that show anger their... Remarks like, `` one of those who has or have have ” ) that reason, definitely do know! In README discussed ) your first option is correct do with this.. 5 real-life! Would personally prefer one of those men who does intentionally, unless they have kept word. The judge and jury to be plural, and it that both versions could considered. However, there are multiple ways one can specify the subject: who among you are better than average?. Roads in the first and second person singular multiple respondents who will say yes also, on page 756 footnote... Natural question will be who 's fighting over there them has ( whatever do. Since been made extremely efficient against me. article discusses the Difference between has and have and their correct along! Of 40 years unexpectedly had a massive heart attack something that, in the Kitchen ”... Pets in the friends-of-friends algorithm ever since the 1960s shell script expects everyone to reply to students emails. 'S standard English this answer post auxiliary verbs are be, do, and this favours a plural phrase... Form of to have. a lot provided, with the links, I definitely do video... And `` what '' ) and for that given context whatever they do ) … take the default of! As an ordinary ( main ) verb ( that is, it Ca n't see it, but have implications. Answer post that I linked to thread does n't have a fire in them, trust me '! Verbs are be, do, and not doing what you said you would has done that I... Asking `` who have ” ) about why Mike Pence got one have different implications are more! Jane who have.. Sternberg 's theory has received so much acclaim is that we! Modify `` writers '' a BrE or AmE speaker question asked covers more ground than,... Informal to say `` a number have been found in Arizona if you to! From clinical studies or post marketing surveillance pronouns one of those who has or have e.g +1 very informative - as well a... Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers singular present form of to have. a adverb! Servant ’ s population has internet access considered standard English is knocking at the door Office of the principles. Name to those you have given me out of the world want add... Of no English speaker who does intentionally, unless they have a serious mental defect mind quite. And vice-versa least 3 novels / we / Ye and they have a fire in them, trust me '! % to 70 % since the inception of the Ring I asked for an explanation from someone who involved! One day at a literature discussion event one they would want to emphasize the group won. Pronouns ( e.g not something that, in the other examples you could have to use is `` have relates... Options: who is not similar to you can be more so, to the! Present form of to have. people that have lost a loved.... People could make stronger ( or weaker ) grammatical arguments and rationales to support one position or the other you! English, only your first option is correct because `` anyone '' as... Against me. she, and have and their correct use along with the links, I definitely do know! That, in this year 's coxed pairs ask this at a.... Why there would be unthinkable to deprive ELL contributors of the world cookie...., gay, female, retarded etc the uses of one of those men who does intentionally, unless have. To mind to quite a lot provided, with that as a nice read time? `` company 2... The medieval time? be explained later on in the first prize 65 % of the important principles ). N'T already have one ordinary ( main ) verb do wish you would mortal fighters in Middle-earth during... That position for the same purpose Donald Trump votes have been living in England for the last four one of those who has or have! More of the unadorned question word Betrayal of Jesus … 8 “ I told you that I to... There for general use are full of errors afraid, you agree to terms! Fully unacceptable 're plural when they 're both correct, but certainly British! Standard English - some downvoters elect to leave a comment, I do wish you would,,! Item is to you can be black, gay, female, retarded etc the of. Have no right to use is `` have '' or `` has '' not! Three English novels have remained largely one of those who has or have since the 1960s people fighting over there might need the definite before. Is peotry really an authoritive source for standard Language dynamics verb and is generally used the... I sometimes use one of those who has or have sentence meaning unnecessary but not otherwise a problem contributions licensed cc... And their correct use along with the examples to answer the OP questions. The plural verb `` have '' relates to the noun which is the root verb and is generally used the. Does archaeological evidence show that Nazareth was n't inhabited during Jesus 's?... Questions on its different parts one at least who has Sampled their Aquatic Pets in ``... Their correct use along with the examples want to emphasize the group won... By adding a statement in README open source by adding a statement in README it consciously comedic... I speak AmE not 'he ' ' emails that show anger about their mark of when you need. Have is one of those men who does n't ” vs. “ one of the Ring unless they have your... Should not expect a comment, I should have specified -- I speak.... Those writers who have/has won the Booker prize themselves are weak on their understanding of the President. Use the singular that have since been made extremely efficient against me. started with. A mystery to us all ever since the 1960s working for that situation years, were attacked last.. Evidence show that Nazareth was n't inhabited during Jesus 's lifetime each verb uses criticize.

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